James Snead

James Edward Snead, Private, Company H, 48th Alabama Infantry

  • Enlisted, private,¬†Cedar Bluff, AL, April 29, 1862
  • Captured at Battle of South Mountain, MD, September 16, 1862
  • Sent from Fort Delaware prison for exchange, October¬† 2, 1862
  • Declared exchanged at Aiken’s Landing, VA, November 10, 1862
  • Captured at Wilderness/Spotsylvania on May 6, 1864
  • At Belle Plains, VA, May 18, 1864
  • In USA Small Pox Hospital, Point Lookout, MD, July 3 to August 14, 1864
  • Paroled at Point Lookout prison, transferred to Aiken’s Landing, VA, May 14, 1865


  • Born October, 30, 1836,Richmond County, NC
  • Married Charity Eloise Turner, 1857
  • Married Harriet Keaton
  • Died October 1, 1886, Cherokee County, AL



4 thoughts on “James Snead

  1. James E. Snead, Co H, 48th Alabama.
    Diverted with his two brothers from Loachapoka/Auburn rail stop at Montgomery, from original Missisippi destination, to Ashland Virginia due to a large invasion of the Virginia coast by Little Mac on orders from honest Abe and a man named Halleck..

    Picked up by Brigadier General Talliferro who worked for somebody named Tom J Jackson, alias Tom Fool Jackson or Old Blue Light.

    Fought at Cedar Mountain. Sick in hospital or otherwise incognito until the battle of Fredricksburg. Jackson’s division saw mostly reserve duty at Fredricksburg. However A P Hill got roughed up by George Meade when Jackson left a brigade out of line.

    In the Suffolk Campaign in North Carolina with Longstreet and Law in Hood’s Division for the big Chancellorville event.

    Marched through Maryland into Pennsylvania behind Third Corps. Arrived in Gettysburg in the wee hours of July 2. Served on pickett line with his company and Company A in the late afternoon. Fired his rifle from the approach to Houk’s Ridge and the base of Round Top at people from New York, Maine and New Jersey. Went back to ole’ Virginny.

    Rode a train to north Georgia. Charged through the woods behind 1300 maniacs from Tennessee and Arkansas with 1300 other maniacs from Alabama. Blew a hole in Rosecrans line and sent the yankees running back in the direction of Chattanooga. Went to Knoxville. Got very cold.

    Marched into Virginia and arrived at the Wilderness to save A P Hill from being over run. One archivist record card says he was wounded and captured there. Probably by folks from New York when Longsreet was wounded and Jenkins was killed.. Another record card says he was wounded and captured a week later at Spottsylvania Court House. Probably in the rain. There was probably some mud involved also. Maybe at the Mule Shoe.

    Sent to Point Lookout for R&R in prison for the duration. Swimming pools, movie stars!

  2. In 1862 attrition took a toll on Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. There was also a move by Jeff Davis to pressure Lee to organize brigades by states. The Confederate legislature approved the formation of corps after Antietam and before Fredricksburg. It seems they were afraid of corps commanders possibly having a different view on who the indivdual governing authorities should be at any point in time. A corps is a self sustaining unit capable of independant action. Somewhat of a small army in fact. Lee got his two “wing” commanders promoted at the same time. In a deliberate move Lee promoted James Longstreet and had Thomas Jackson promoted a day or so later. In military terms, this gives Longstreet date of rank on Jackson. It made Longstreet, Lee’s second in command. Politics plays a roll in the fact Pete Longstreet was a deep south lieutenant general. Lee favored Virginians and everyone expected it. That was a part of life and the deep south states were aware of this fact.
    Lee also probably considered Jackson his closest competition. Lee always traveled with Longstreet. Some believe he considered Jackson more capable of independant command. Longstreet had a larger command with more brigades than Jackson. This was Lee’s way of rewarding division commanders for solid performance. Jackson had a bad week in front of Richmond when Lee assigned units after becoming commander. By contrast Longstreet and A P Hill had great weeks in front of Richmond. However Hill almost got into a fist fight with Longstreet so Lee moved his light division to Jackson’s command for the move away from Richmond to Cedar Mountain, Groveton and 2nd Bull Run. That still left Old Pete with more brigades than Old Blue Light.
    The 47th and 48th Alabama were “sister” regiments. They stayed together all the way to Appomattox. Lee reorganized his army for the spring fighting season and Chancellorsville. The 48th went from Jackson’s to Hood’s Division. They stayed with Law’s Brigade for the duration. The 44th Alabama also moved to Law’s Brigade from Wright’s in Anderson’s Division during the previous November for the duration.

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